Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as millet crops for human food and fodder. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa, with 97% of millet production in developing countries. The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and some parts of Africa. Finger millet, proso millet and foxtail millet are also important crop species.
India is the world's largest producer of millets. By the 2000s, the annual millets production had increased drastically in India almost 3MMT per annum and per capita consumption of millets had increased by between 7-8%. As of 2005, most of the millets produced in India are being used for alternative applications such as livestock fodder and alcohol production. Indian agro commodity trading houses such as Bahuvida Limited are discussing ways to increase millets use as food to encourage more production.
The health benefits are:
As an integrated agro commodities trading house, we at Bahuvida Limited are experienced in sourcing of Indian millets through our vast domestic vendor's network. We are quite renowned company to source Indian millets directly from farm gate. As we are one of the India's premium commodity trading house of specialty millets that we supply various high quality millets.
Barnyard millet, also known as Udalu in Telugu is native of Eurasia. This millet is highly nutritious in comparison with other major cereals. The area of cultivation ranges from 50'n to 40's latitude in both temperature and tropical habitats. The success of barnyard millet is attributed to prolific seedling, seed dormancy, ability to grow rapidly and flower in range of photoperiods. Barnyard millet grass has some forage value but requires considerable water to produce more biomass and it is too succulent for 'hay' making. The edible seeds could be ground to meal to flour. Barnyard millet is an important rain fed crop of assured rainfall regions.
It is cultivated over a wide array of environmental and poor soil health conditions and grown both for grain and fodder. Its cultivation is mainly confined to forest and dry-land belts of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Bihar besides hills of Uttar Pradesh. It is generally cultivated in hill slopes and undulating fields.
Browntop millet, also known as Andu Korralu in Telugu filled with fiber, browntop millet is great at making you feel full. Relish the nutrition of millet with this delicious browntop millet from Bahuvida Limited. A guilt free indulgence..! Browntop millet is not only nutritious but also very delicious. the millet is gluten free and rich in essential nutrients. It is a rich source of natural fiber, when compared to other grains. Browntop millet contains about 12.5% fiber due to which it serves as medicine for dealing with life style diseases. Lower incidence of cardiovascular diseases, duodenal ulcer and hyperglycemia (diabetes) are reported among those who regularly consume millets.
Finger millet, also known as Ragi in Telugu is a major food crop of semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa and has been an indispensable component of dry farming system. It is third most important millet among all other millets in India in terms of production after sorghum and pearl millet.
Foxtail millet, also known as Korralu in Telugu is one of the oldest crops cultivated for food grain and straw and cultivated as dry-land crop under marginal and sub-marginal lands of tropical and subtropical India. Nowadays, it is an important crop in India, China, Japan and other countries where as in North and South America, Australia and Africa as a minor cereal.
Kodo millet, also known as Arikelu in Telugu India and West Africa are the major growers of kodo millet. It is one of the small millets which are indigenous to Indian subcontinent and domesticated with a cultivation history of more than 3,000 years. The cultivation of kodo millet in India is quite wide spread stretching to many stress in south, west, central and north India.
In India, this crop grows well in shallow as well as drained soils in 18 states which cover 549 districts. Kodo millet is grown predominantly as sole crop or mixed with other similar crops. Medicinally, kodo millet is used in curing inflammation, diseases of liver, dysentery and considered to keep the body warm.
Little millet, also known as Samalu in Telugu is widely cultivated as cereal across India, Nepal and Western Myanmar. Presently it is grown throughout India in near about 1 million hectares with major area being in the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. It is highly tolerant to heat and drought. It is preferred in extreme soil and climatic conditions of tribal agriculture. The average grain yield is 500-600kg per hectare.
Pearl millet, also known as Bajra in Hindi and Sajjalu in Telugu is a rich source of phosphorus, which plays an important part in the structure of body cells. Phosphorus, found in pearl millet, is a significant component of several necessary compounds including adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This element is also a crucial component of nucleic acids, which are the building blocks of the genetic code. Phosphorus is a constituent of lipid-containing structures such as cell membranes and nervous system structures.
Proso millet, also known as Varigalu in Telugu is one of the small millets cultivated in specialized agriculture richness in India. It is the true millet of the history and is said to be as ancient as wheat. It is called by different names in many parts of the world as French millet, Hog millet and in India as Panivaragu, Cheena. It is cultivated in the himalayan region upto an altitude of 2000MSL. It is well known for its early maturity and drought withstanding ability.
The de-husked proso millet is nutritious and rich in protein 9.5-12.8%. It is eaten as cooked rice flour and is used to make unleavened roti or bread. Value added products such as parboiled, flaked, puffed, expanded, extruded, deep fried and noodles can be prepared.
Sorghum, also known as Jowar in Hindi and Jonnalu in Telugu is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world after rice, wheat, maize and barley. It is the third largest crop to be grown in India after rice and wheat which has more fats and proteins. This proves beneficial for the livestock and hence is the reason of the popularity of the crop as a feed. It is found in the arid and semiarid parts of the country, due to its feature of being extremely drought tolerant. The nutritional value of sorghum is same as of that of corn and that is why it is gaining importance as livestock feed. it also serves as a substitute to it. Sorghum is also used for ethanol production, producing grain alcohol, starch production, production of adhesives and paper other than being used as food and feed. Numerous types of genetically different sorghum available that are broadly categorized into four heads:
India has ever been among the major producers of millets in the world. The country has been able to maintain its position among the top three producers. As already mentioned, millets are produced both as a summer and winter crop i.e. Khariff and Rabi in the country. India demands for the millets are on an increase due to the combined increase in the demand of various sectors using millets. India is capable of satisfying the domestic consumption demand and hence it emerges out to be a net exporter of the crop exporting the balance stocks. The exports are expected to rise in the coming years because of the following influencing factors:
We at Bahuvida Limited, is an Indian agro commodities conglomerate brand, offering the best-in-class and qualitative array of millets from India. With us, one can stay completely assured for top-notch quality of millets for the source and supply as we use the modern packaging, logistics methods and cutting-edge solutions as per domestic and foreign buyer's specific requirements.